Yahudi Hamami

Overview

Era: 
Post-Byzantine
Type: 
Baths
Culture: 
Ottoman Monument
Century: 
20th
Latitude: 
40.634669
Longitude: 
22.940932

The Yahudi Hamamı is located on the southwestern part of the center of Thessaloniki at the junction of King Herakleous, Fragkini and Komninon streets. This is a great Ottoman bath, which is now known as "Louloudadika", as at its sites from 1951 there are florists shops. Turkish documents certify that the building in the past had various names such as «Halil Aga hamamı» (Bath of Halil Aga), «Pazar-ı kebir hamamı» (Bath of the Great Market), «Pazar hamamı» (Bath of the Market) or " Kadınlar hamamı »(Women's Bath). Primarily, however, the building was called «Yahudi Hamamı», that means "Bath of Jews", because it was built in a district, which was inhabited almost exclusively by Jews.
According to its constructional, typological and morphological data, the construction of Yahudi Hamamı is placed in the first half of the 16th century. The bath, of about 750 square meters, was double, that means it was used by both sexes, so it was divided into two parts, one destined for men and one for women; it is worth noting that the male portion is larger and taller than the female. Each section consists of a sizeable hall of square floor plan, covered with a large hemispherical dome, and a set of smaller compartments, each of which is housed separately in a smaller dome. In the two sections there were formed the typical bath rooms (cold, tepid and warm, and hypocausts), and auxiliary facilities, such as toilets and rooms for waxing. At the back of the building there was the water tank, the stove and the area of heaters, who fed the fire with sticks. The whole construction is built of stones and bricks, with its exterior walls being very cared and imitating the Byzantine brick-closed construction system. Internally, the monument is richly decorated: embossed patterns from strong stucco , in which there are octagonal or asteroids light holes, they are found on the roofs of the domes, while repetitive areas with floral patterns must have existed on the surfaces of the walls.